Adjectives can precede or after nouns, or they can be used with verbs such as ser (« to be ») to describe nouns. But (with the exception of immutable adjectives), they will always correspond to the nouns they describe both in number and gender. An explanation of how to use adjectives and match them in Spanish Congratulations – you have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish Adjectives Gender Agreement. Some adjectives are used for both sexes despite their ending, especially those ending in -E or consonants, for example: « an interesting libro », « a fácil examination », « a chico optimista/una chica optimista ». There are a few adjectives known as immutable adjectives that do not change shape. Most of them are either unusual colors or words of foreign origin. An example is web as in the página web (the website) and las páginas web (the websites). Sometimes a noun can be used as an immutable adjective, but this practice is much rarer in Spanish than in English. Spanish students will rarely need to use immutable adjectives, but you should be aware that they exist so that they don`t confuse you when you see them. In the previous lesson, we explained the rules for placing adjectives and talked about some situations where they are used before or after nouns. In this lesson, we will learn about another important feature called « concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo », namely the Spanish noun-adjective agreement. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it seems, although you will understand everything much faster if you already know the basics of the nominal gender and plural form of nouns.
Of course, there are thousands of other adjectives in Spanish. But if you start by learning the basics like Spanish colors, feelings, and personal descriptions, you`ll have most of the daily conversations. Now try it for yourself. The following sentences contain adjectives only in the standard form (masculine, singular). The adjective in each sentence has been printed in bold to make things easier. It is your job to decide if they are right and, if not, to correct them. So we have a feminine and singular name. How would you replace the word aquí with the adjective frío (cold) in the right form? But. Some adjectives (ending in [-ista], [-e] or [-l]) do not replace [-a] and [-o] for masculine/feminine.
Be careful! You may be wondering how an adjective can be masculine, feminine or plural. Well, the key is that Spanish adjectives don`t have an inherent gender or plurality like nouns. They simply copy the shape of the name they describe. This means that the adjective is in agreement both plurality and gender with the noun it describes. Most adjectives ending in a consonant do not change according to gender, but change for the number, just like adjectives that end in -e. For example, the noun las faldas (skirts) is plural and feminine, so all adjectives used to describe it are equally plural and feminine. For example: possessive forms such as mío (mine) and tuyo (yours) also function as Spanish adjectives. The difference, however, is that possessives usually only come after verbs in full sentences (although there are exceptions). When this happens, the possessive must have the same purpose as the name.
Some examples of possessives used as adjectives: If you feel that you master Spanish adjective correspondence and want to do something more sophisticated, try to form more complex sentences with the structures given below. We will start this lesson with a video that explains the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script. This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language. So we have a masculine, plural noun. How would you insert the adjective feo (ugly) in this sentence? • « lo » + adjective + « es que » + subjunctive = the *** is that the Spanish adjectives you will hear and read very regularly are: On the other hand, when we describe feminine nouns like CASA (house), we must use a feminine adjective like BONITA (pretty) or ESPACIOSA (spacious), and not a masculine adjective like BONITO or ESPACIOSO. That being said, Spanish feminine adjectives are the same words with a slight change at the end from -O to -A, e.B. « Bueno » to « Buena ». An adjective is a « descriptive word ».
It is a word used to describe a name (a person, a place or a thing). Some English examples are happy, bad, small, wise and interesting. Take a look at this unusual preview board with Spanish adjective endings now! Un taco es una preparación mexicana que en su forma estándar consiste en una tortilla que contiene algún alimento dentro. (A taco is a Mexican preparation that, in its standard form, consists of a tortilla that contains food. Su is a possessive determinant or dojective that changes with number but not sex. Estándar is an immutable adjective – the same word would have been used with plural or masculine nouns.) Plural Spanish adjectives always end in -s, whether -es, -os or -as. Again, it will be -os for masculine adjectives, -as well as for feminine adjectives. Plural adjectives ending in -es can be masculine or feminine. With this structure, you need to make sure that you always match the article and adjective with the masculinity and plurality of the noun. Even if you can`t see it explicitly, you still talk about it, so the properties should always match.
Some Spanish adjectives used to describe male and female nouns are: Amable (type), Difícil (difficult), Fácil (simple), Flexible, Paciente (patient), Verde (green). In addition, most numbers change in UN except for number one when used before a male noun, and in UNA before a female noun, e.B. « Un amigo » and « Una amiga » In English, adjectives take precedence over what they describe, such as « red house », « smelly cat » or « hard stone »; or they follow a copula verb, as in « the girl looks angry » or « the ball is flat. » If you search for an adjective in the dictionary, it is always in the singular masculine form, for example blanco. Adjectives in Spanish usually follow the patterns in this table to match the noun they describe. Adjectives ending in o in the singular masculine form have four possible endings, one for masculine, feminine, singular and plural. These types of adjectives make up the majority of adjectives in Spanish. Most adjectives must match the gender with the noun they change. When we describe a masculine noun as « Amigo », we must also use a masculine adjective as « Honesto ». Just like nouns, Spanish masculine adjectives usually end with the -O vowel like « Bonito » and « Creativo », e.B.
« El niño es bonito y gordo ». In addition, some words ending in -R are also considered masculine adjectives. In Spanish, adjectives must correspond to the noun (or pronoun) they describe in gender and number. This means that if the noun describing an adjective is feminine, the adjective must be feminine, and if the same noun is also plural, the adjective will also be feminine AND plural. As mentioned earlier, Spanish adjectives usually have a singular form and a plural form. The rules are exactly the same as those used to form the plural of nouns. To illustrate this, for a sentence like « She is a pretty model », we would say « Ella es una modelo hermosa », but for several models we have to say « Ellas son modelos hermosas ». Note that all words, including the subject pronoun and the verb SER, change so that there is a Spanish noun-adjective correspondence and the sentence makes sense. Noun-adjective correspondence is one of the most fundamental aspects of Spanish grammar: adjectives must correspond to the nouns to which they refer both in number and gender. Nouns ending in [-o] or [-a]: These adjectives change their ending depending on the number and gender! The « normal » form of adjectives, the form found in dictionaries, is singular and masculine. To make the adjective plural, follow one of these steps, which are plural, as in the production of nouns: In Spanish, remember that the adjective always follows the noun, whether in a sentence or in a sentence with a noun.
Thus, the English « red house » becomes « casa roja », and « the baby is sad » follows the same structure as in English: « el bebé está triste ». Finally, there are a small number of adjectives that only appear before the noun or after a verb. These are usually superlative adjectives. .